How the Afghan peace process and emotional well-being impact migration decision-making
Despite the cease-fire between the Government of Afghanistan and the Taliban in June 2018, the conflict continues to be a driving force behind the displacement of many Afghans. Insecurity and ongoing political developments combined with natural disasters and unemployment create a complex migration landscape.
How the Afghan peace process and emotional well-being impact migration decision-making is the fourth installation of a longitudinal study on migration from Afghanistan. Analysis of data collected between February and March 2019 from a structured survey of 97 respondents in 8 provinces sheds light on the factors which shape the decision-making process of Afghans considering migration.
Key findings show that among the potential migrants sampled:
- Optimism about the peace process and an individual’s future directly impacted migration planning.
- Fewer respondents still intended to migrate irregularly than in recent waves of the study.
- Migration plans were interlinked with emotional wellbeing.
- Risk awareness, family and feelings of agency influenced migration plans.
- Returnees increasingly influenced migration aspirations.
- Respondents trusted word-of-mouth sources and distrusted official sources.
- Personal networks continued to influence migration plans.
- Economic concerns increased as a migration driver.
By offering insight into how long-standing structural challenges and rapidly-changing individual circumstances influence migrant decision-making, Seefar hopes to help stakeholders to respond responsibly to irregular migration from Afghanistan.
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