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How the Afghan peace process and emotional well-being impact migration decision-making

Despite the cease-fire between the Government of Afghanistan and the Taliban in June 2018, the conflict continues to be a driving force behind the displacement of many Afghans. Insecurity and ongoing political developments combined with natural disasters and unemployment create a complex migration landscape. 

How the Afghan peace process and emotional well-being impact migration decision-making is the fourth installation of a longitudinal study on migration from Afghanistan. Analysis of data collected between February and March 2019 from a structured survey of 97 respondents in 8 provinces sheds light on the factors which shape the decision-making process of Afghans considering migration.

Key findings show that among the potential migrants sampled:

  • Optimism about the peace process and an individual’s future directly impacted migration planning. 
  • Fewer respondents still intended to migrate irregularly than in recent waves of the study.
  • Migration plans were interlinked with emotional wellbeing.
  • Risk awareness, family and feelings of agency influenced migration plans.
  • Returnees increasingly influenced migration aspirations.
  • Respondents trusted word-of-mouth sources and distrusted official sources.
  • Personal networks continued to influence migration plans.
  • Economic concerns increased as a migration driver. 

By offering insight into how long-standing structural challenges and rapidly-changing individual circumstances influence migrant decision-making, Seefar hopes to help stakeholders to respond responsibly to irregular migration from Afghanistan.

Access the full report here.

Seefar welcomes comments and feedback on its research. To provide feedback, please email us at [email protected] 

For further information, contact us here.

Tagged in:
Afghanistan Displaced people Migration Research and surveys
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