Research archive

Afghanistan has experienced decades of political instability, economic challenges, conflict and insecurity. This context has created a complex picture of migration and displacement marked by large numbers of internally displaced persons, migrants and returnees. The complex migration context remains understudied and little is known on how migration decisions are reached and how decision-making evolves over time. Sustained Interest, …

Basic labour standards can improve E&C businesses and strengthen their migrant workforce, says study from The Ethical Recruitment Agency (TERA) Read More »

European Union cooperation with Turkey and Libya and the family separation crisis in the United States show global failures in reconciling ‘tough’ border policies with every child’s right to live free from violence and exploitation. Many child protection measures in Western destination countries do not address children’s needs before or during difficult journeys. Effective and …

Basic labour standards can improve E&C businesses and strengthen their migrant workforce, says study from The Ethical Recruitment Agency (TERA) Read More »

Millions of refugees and migrants have returned to Afghanistan since 2012. Most come from neighbouring countries, driven out by protection concerns, fears of deportation, economic difficulty and integration challenges. In the European Union (EU), asylum recognition rates for Afghans are falling; in Turkey and the Western Balkans, expanded immigration enforcement and harsh conditions drive movements both onwards …

Basic labour standards can improve E&C businesses and strengthen their migrant workforce, says study from The Ethical Recruitment Agency (TERA) Read More »

The biggest repatriation project in recent history is occurring with the forced exodus of millions of Afghan refugees from Pakistan and Iran, and failed Afghan asylum seekers returning from Europe. To better understand the challenges returning Afghans face, as well as the emotional and psychosocial impacts of return and reintegration for returning migrants and hosting …

Basic labour standards can improve E&C businesses and strengthen their migrant workforce, says study from The Ethical Recruitment Agency (TERA) Read More »

Iran has been out of the public eye as EU decision-makers focus attention and money on more significant regions of origin of irregular migration. Yet Iran, previously a major source of irregular migration to Australia, has consistently been a source of asylum applicants in Germany, the UK, and elsewhere in the EU. We cannot predict …

Basic labour standards can improve E&C businesses and strengthen their migrant workforce, says study from The Ethical Recruitment Agency (TERA) Read More »

In the ecosystem of international efforts against human trafficking and modern slavery, there is a plague of recommendations. Some are intelligent recommendations, which are hard to follow among the noise. Some are less intelligent recommendations, adding to the din without illuminating opportunities. Many are irrelevant, ill-conceived or ignored. The industry has reached a stage of …

Basic labour standards can improve E&C businesses and strengthen their migrant workforce, says study from The Ethical Recruitment Agency (TERA) Read More »

Afghanistan presents a complex migration context in which large numbers of Afghans set out on dangerous journeys to Europe. While there is a significant body of migration research in Afghanistan, existing research tends to focus on high-level, structural drivers of migration. Little is known about how migration decision-making evolves over time for those who intend on leaving. To address …

Basic labour standards can improve E&C businesses and strengthen their migrant workforce, says study from The Ethical Recruitment Agency (TERA) Read More »

The Government of Vietnam, Vietnamese civil society, and donors to Vietnam have tried a lot of different approaches to communications campaigns on human trafficking and modern slavery. Interventions have ranged from television and celebrity outreach to informational packets distributed to local authorities and community members. Yet, few of these projects have been able to demonstrate impact on the …

Basic labour standards can improve E&C businesses and strengthen their migrant workforce, says study from The Ethical Recruitment Agency (TERA) Read More »

As irregular migrants continue to embark on dangerous journeys, governments and civil society have sought to reduce the inherent dangers. Migrant communications have emerged as an important part of this strategy alongside traditional humanitarian responses. The European Commission engaged Optimity Advisors and Seefar to study information consumption and decision-making processes among West Africans planning to …

Basic labour standards can improve E&C businesses and strengthen their migrant workforce, says study from The Ethical Recruitment Agency (TERA) Read More »

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