Research and surveys

Modern slavery is a global issue deeply connected to labour migration. Migrants and those pursuing work abroad are often at risk of financial, emotional and physical exploitation. Overseas domestic workers are particularly vulnerable because they live and work in private households. In Indonesia, prospective female domestic workers face acute risks early on in their migration planning but …

Who are the most vulnerable Indonesian prospective migrants? Read More »

For more than four years, we have been interviewing a panel of Iranians planning and executing irregular migration. Our latest report is Refugee Integration in Europe: Life and other Plans among Iranian Irregular Migrants Settling in Europe. More than 25% of the people we found in Iran with a plan to migrate irregularly in 2014 have now …

Refugee Integration in Europe: Life and other Plans among Iranian Irregular Migrants Settling in Europe Read More »

Millions of refugees and migrants have returned to Afghanistan since 2012. Most come from neighbouring countries, driven out by protection concerns, fears of deportation, economic difficulty and integration challenges. In the European Union (EU), asylum recognition rates for Afghans are falling; in Turkey and the Western Balkans, expanded immigration enforcement and harsh conditions drive movements both onwards …

Distant Dreams: Understanding the aspirations of Afghan returnees Read More »

The biggest repatriation project in recent history is occurring with the forced exodus of millions of Afghan refugees from Pakistan and Iran, and failed Afghan asylum seekers returning from Europe. To better understand the challenges returning Afghans face, as well as the emotional and psychosocial impacts of return and reintegration for returning migrants and hosting …

Examining Return and Reintegration in Afghanistan: Why Psychosocial Interventions Matter Read More »

Iran has been out of the public eye as EU decision-makers focus attention and money on more significant regions of origin of irregular migration. Yet Iran, previously a major source of irregular migration to Australia, has consistently been a source of asylum applicants in Germany, the UK, and elsewhere in the EU. We cannot predict …

Windows of opportunity: Iranian irregular migration and return 2014-2016 Read More »

In the ecosystem of international efforts against human trafficking and modern slavery, there is a plague of recommendations. Some are intelligent recommendations, which are hard to follow among the noise. Some are less intelligent recommendations, adding to the din without illuminating opportunities. Many are irrelevant, ill-conceived or ignored. The industry has reached a stage of …

Recommendations from the US Trafficking in Persons Report – What’s the point? Read More »

Afghanistan presents a complex migration context in which large numbers of Afghans set out on dangerous journeys to Europe. While there is a significant body of migration research in Afghanistan, existing research tends to focus on high-level, structural drivers of migration. Little is known about how migration decision-making evolves over time for those who intend on leaving. To address …

Understanding how irregular migration dynamics and attitudes are evolving in Afghanistan Read More »

The Government of Vietnam, Vietnamese civil society, and donors to Vietnam have tried a lot of different approaches to communications campaigns on human trafficking and modern slavery. Interventions have ranged from television and celebrity outreach to informational packets distributed to local authorities and community members. Yet, few of these projects have been able to demonstrate impact on the …

What Next for Trafficking and Slavery Communications Campaigns in Vietnam? Read More »

As irregular migrants continue to embark on dangerous journeys, governments and civil society have sought to reduce the inherent dangers. Migrant communications have emerged as an important part of this strategy alongside traditional humanitarian responses. The European Commission engaged Optimity Advisors and Seefar to study information consumption and decision-making processes among West Africans planning to …

How West African migrants engage with migration information en route to Europe Read More »

We use cookies to allow us to better understand how the site is used. By continuing to use this site, you consent to this policy. Click to learn more